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Faculty of Economics and Business
Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

1. ABEST21 Accreditation Result

ABEST21 Accreditation Result of the Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga is as follows:
“The School’s educational and research activities have generally met ABEST21 Management Accreditation Standards and the quality maintenance and improvement of education and research in the aforementioned academic unit are promising and good.”
Accreditation commences April 1, 2020 for a five-year period.

2. The Peer Review Team

Leader(Economics) Prof. Dr. Noer Azam Achsani, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Indonesia
Member Dr. Devanto Shasta Pratomo, Universitas Brawijaya, Indonesia
Member Dr. Noorihsan Bin Mohamad, International Islamic University Malaysia, Malaysia
Member Dr. Budiono, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
Leader (Management) Prof. Dr. Hirotaka Kawano, Kyoto University, Japan
Member Dr. Yudi Azis, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia
Member Dr. Dodie Tricahyono, Telkom University, Indonesia
Member Dr. Ruchirat Patanathabutr, Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Coordinator
Leader (Accounting)
Dr. Fathyah Hashim, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Member Prof. Dr. David Paul Elia Saerang, Universitas Sam Ratulangi, Indonesia
Member Prof. Dr. Gagaring Pagalung, Universitas Hasanuddin, Indonesia
Member Dr. Yuvaraj Ganesan, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia

3. The Peer Review Schedule

Peer Review Process Date Remarks
Submission of “Quality Improvement Strategy” Jun. 30, 2018 -
Ratification of “Quality Improvement Strategy” Oct. 30 and Nov. 1, 2018 PRC
Submission of “Self-Check/Self-Evaluation Report” Jun. 30, 2019 -
Implementation of the Peer Review Visit Sep.19-20, 2019 PRT
Ratification of “PRT Review Report” Nov. 18-19, 2019 PRC
Ratification of the PRT Review Report Mar. 11, 2020 PRC
Recommendation of the ABEST21 Accreditation Mar. 12, 2020 AC
Ratification of the ABEST21 Accreditation Mar. 12, 2020 Board Meetings

4. Comprehensive Review

PRT-FEB:

Based on the revised SCR submitted to ABEST21, the interview sessions with the School’s stakeholders, and the on-site observation, it can be concluded that the School has satisfied most of the accreditation standards required by ABEST21. The School has given reasonable and satisfactory explanations on most of the standards. In addition, the School also has the potential for future improvements once all of the proposed action plans were implemented.
We appreciate that the School has quickly revised the SCR in response to comments from the PRT. With this revising, we recognized that some of the issues have been improved, but some have been left intact. However, the revised SCR is much better and easier to understand with clear reference to supporting data and documents (as presented in the Appendix section) as compared to the initial SCR reviewed. The additional explanations and elaborations for certain criteria that were recommended by the PRT have been addressed satisfactorily.
Overall, the teaching and learning process has gone well with the international recognition at the University and Faculty level as indicated by the QS and AUN accreditation. One of the major concerns based on the initial SCR and PRT visit is that the School needs clearer target student profiles for each of the study programs. Internship program is deemed important to prepare graduates for the job market. In the revised SCR, the School was able to define its target student profiles. The School is also aware that it needs to revisit each of the program’s mission statements, align them with the department’s mission statements, then faculty’s and finally the University’s mission. All of the mission statements should be attractive, measurable, and unique. The School also needs to have a clear succession planning for its human resources, especially its faculty members.
Recommendation:
Based on the revised SCR submitted to ABEST21, the interview sessions with the School’s stakeholders, and the on-site observation, it can be concluded that the School has satisfied most of the accreditation standards required by ABEST21. The School has given reasonable and satisfactory explanations on most of the standards. Judging comprehensively from the report and the site-visit, we believe that the quality of the School education has been secured to some extent. We hope that the remaining issues will be resolved as soon as possible through KAIZEN work. On that condition, it is recommended that the FEB UNAIR’s application as an accredited school of ABEST21 (academic unit-based) is granted.

PRT-Economics:

ー Generally, the actual activities of FEB UNAIR has been done are much more extensive than what is outlined in the report. The School has many good practices in the reality, but the report should be improved.

ー In the report there are too many typing errors, inconsistencies in the data and information, also too many duplications and redundancies. The School has a good management and is committed to improvement, but the report does not sufficiently reflect this. The School has to revisit and identify its uniqueness and strengths more effectively. Certain strengths have to be leveraged further and prioritized to embrace the School mission statement. Most strategies highlighted in the report are general in nature. Perhaps more specific and detailed elaboration would provide better planning structure for the School.

ー The capacity issues (infrastructure and facilities) and future medium-term and long-term plans have to be clearly defined to guide the School towards realizing its mission and goals. The functioning and effectiveness of the existing quality system has to be assessed from time to time for continuous improvement.

PRT-Management:

We appreciate that the School has quickly revised the SER in response to comments from the PRT. With this revising, we recognized that some of the issues have been improved, but some have been left intact. Judging comprehensively from the report and the site visit, we believe that the quality of School’s education has been secured to some extent. We hope that the remaining issues will be resolved as soon as possible through KAIZEN work. On that condition, it is judged appropriate that ABEST21 gives the accreditation.

PRT-Accounting:

Accounting Department of Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Airlangga (FEB UNAIR) is one of the FEB UNAIR’s four departments which offers three educational programs, two at postgraduate level (Doctor of Science in Accounting and Master in Accounting) and one at undergraduate level (Bachelor in Accounting). It is led by the head of department and assisted by the three study program’s coordinators.
Based on the SCR submitted to ABEST21, the interview sessions with the School’s stakeholders, and the on-site observation, it can be concluded that the School has satisfied most of the accreditation standards required by ABEST21. The School has given reasonable and satisfactory explanations on most of the standards. In addition, the School also has the potential for future improvements once all of the proposed action plans are implemented.
In the Revised SCR, the self-check/self-evaluation on the accreditation standards was done at the school level (i.e. Accounting Department), unlike in the initial SCR where it was done at the faculty level (i.e. FEB UNAIR as a whole). The Revised SCR is better and easier to understand with clear reference to supporting data and documents (as presented in the Appendix section). The additional explanations and elaborations for certain criteria that were recommended by the PRTs had been addressed satisfactorily.
Overall, the teaching and learning process has gone well with the international recognition at the University and Faculty level as indicated by the QS and AUN accreditation. Therefore, it is highly recommended that at the school level (i.e. Accounting Department FEB UNAIR) as well, it is necessary to hold international classes and improve the quality of lecturers by having more faculty members with doctoral qualifications. In addition, the resulting research is directed at the quality of internationally reputable journals.
One of the major concerns based on the initial SCR and PRT visit is that the School needs clearer target student profiles for each of the study programs. Internship program is deemed important to prepare graduates for the job market. In the revised SCR, the School was able to define its target student profiles. The School is also aware that it needs to revisit each of the program’s mission statements, align them with the department’s mission statements, then faculty’s and finally the University’s mission. All of the mission statements should be attractive, measurable, and unique. The School also needs to have a clear succession planning for its human resources, especially its faculty members.

Recommendation:
Based on the initial SCR, PRT Visit, and revised SCR, the PRT concludes that most of ABEST21 accreditation standards are met satisfactorily. Therefore, along with the other three departments (Management, Economics, and Islamic Economics), it is recommended that the FEB UNAIR’s application as an accredited school of ABEST21 (academic unit-based) is granted.

5. Good Practice in the FEB Education

PRT-FEB:

1) Title of Good Practice in the FEB Education

“Education and Research with “Morality” and TRI-DHARMA”

2) Reason for selecting the title stated above

  • Morality and Tri-Dharma are important considerations in FEB UNAIR’s quality improvement process.
  • UNAIR explicitly states “morality” in the University’s and also in the School’s mission statements.

PRT-Economics:

PRT Member A:
1) Title of Good Practice in the FEB Education

“Education with Morality and focus on the SME Business”

2) Reason for selecting the title stated above

  • UNAIR explicitly states “morality” in the university and also school’s mission. It is quite unique.
  • SMEs play a very important role in the region and make significant contribution to the local economy.

PRT Member B:
1) Title of Good Practice in the FEB Education

“The relationship between internationalization and local wisdom”

2) Reason for selecting the title stated above
UNAIR has a motto of excellence based on morality, which can be seen as local wisdom (although it is not easy to measure).

PRT Member C:
1) Title of Good Practice in the FEB Education

“Pioneering Islamic Economics for the Greater Society”

2) Reason for selecting the title stated above
The knowledge and expertise in Islamic Economics is being translated into practice through knowledge-based community engagement for the good of the greater society.

PRT-Management:

1) Title of Good Practice in the FEB Education

“Education and Research with “Morality” and TRI-DHARMA”

2) Reason for selecting the title stated above

  • Morality and Tri-Dharma are important considerations in FEB UNAIR’s quality improvement process.

PRT-Accounting:

1) Title of Good Practice in the FEB Education

“Research empowerment in Accounting Education with Togetherness and Solidity”

2) Reason for selecting the title stated above

One of the unique features in the School’s education and research is the collaborative research empowerment through the center for research and publications. The center plays a significant role in managing, facilitating and improving research capacity of faculty members, as well as in assisting students in their research activities.
Also, from the observation during the on-site visit, it is noted that there was a strong bond among the School’s management, faculty members, students, administrative staff, and alumni in building the School capacity and performance. This, in fact, becomes the School’s strongest value and capital for its existence now and in the future. Therefore, togetherness and solidity are two important keys for making things possible.

6. Matters to be noted

PRT-FEB:

All matters listed by the PRTs previously had been considered and addressed in the revised SCR. The remaining issues should be resolved as soon as possible through KAIZEN work.

PRT-Economics:

ー It is strongly recommended that FEB UNAIR should make a separate Report for the Development Economics and Islamic Economics Department. These are totally different departments with different resources, curriculum, students etc.

ー The School should also address the following issues:

  • - The mission statements of the department and parent university need to be aligned.
  • - Internationalization strategy needs to be improved. The school has a potential but there are no international classes, and there is also lack of staff fluent in English.
  • - There is a lack of full-time professors.
  • - The lecturers have a high workload.
  • - The length of study tends to be long, particularly in terms of thesis writing.
  • - Planning of faculty development and advanced academic qualifications are needed.
  • - Periodical training for administrative and supporting staff is needed to ensure continuous improvement in the quality of work and communication skills.
  • - The role of quality agency/unit in ensuring the continuous improvement process at the University and Faculty level is highly important.
  • - The status of inactive collaborations with external organizations and institutions needs to be addressed.
  • - The assessment of learning goals and quality of graduates needs to be enhanced.
  • - Proper mechanism and procedures for gathering inputs and feedback from students are needed to address pertinent issues.

PRT-Management:

ー The report is poorly written. Despite its length, it doesn't answer many questions accurately. There are many places where questions are not understood. Also, probably due to the sharing of writing work, there are duplications and inconsistencies. There is a need to have one person responsible for finalizing all the reports before submitting them to ABEST21.

ー The length of the report exceeds the upper limit set by ABEST21. Hence the School might reduce and rewrite the report according to ABEST21format. Supporting documents and data can be presented in the appendix.

ー ­The key recommendations are:

  • - The School should initiate the globalization programs as soon as possible.
  • - The School should define the uniqueness of FEB UNAIR to be ingrained in vision, mission, values, targeted students, faculty development, and curriculum development.
  • - The School should initiate the credit transfer and the distance learning programs starting year 2020.

ー ­T­he PRT highly appreciates FEB UNAIR’s warm welcome, positive attitude, learning atmosphere, and stakeholders’ participation during ABEST21 peer review visit.

PRT-Accounting:

ー ­All matters listed by the PRTs previously have been considered and this is reflected in the revised SCR. Thank you so much. However, there are still some minor spelling mistakes (e.g. includeg, pg. 76; conference, pg. 97; school, pg. 116; he, pg. 118-pt.6 in Educational Program).

ー ­Please revisit the explanation given on Criterion 16-5. Please clarify further.

ー ­P­lease consider the plan provided in Criterion 20-5 as an issue to be improved. If yes, kindly revise the School’s Improvement Issues and Action Plans for three years’ sections accordingly. If not, please consider to take it out from the Self-check section of Criterion 20-5.

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